Karate Terminology


KARATE TERMINOLOGY
STYLE: Matsubayashi Shorin-ryu
Japanese Term English Term or Explanation
KIHON I (Foundation I)
Tsuki No Kata Punching Exercise
Shuto No Kata Chopping Exercise
Uke No Kata Blocking Exercise
Tan-Len Kumite Wrist Exercise
Kara Zuki Body Punching
Hiji Waza Elbow Exercise
KIHON II (Foundation II)
Oi Zuki Basics in Motion
TSUKI PUNCHES
Jodan Tsuki High Punch
Chudan Tsuki Middle Punch
Gedan Tsuki Low Punch, Groin Strike
UKE BLOCKS
Jodan Uke High Block
Chudan Uke Middle Block
Gedan Uke Low Block
Gedan Yoko-Barai-Uke Down block to the side
Juji Uke Cross Block
Morote Uke Reinforced Block
Shuto Uke Chop Block
GERI KICKS
Kin Geri Groin Kick
Mae Geri Front Snap Kick
Yoko Geri
also called Sokuto Geri
Foot Edge Kick
Yoko Hiza Kagata Geri Kick to the Side of Knee
Mawashi Geri Roundhouse Kick
Uchiro Geri Reverse Kick
“Backward kick”
DACHI STANCES
Shizen Tai Dachi Natural Stance
(Walking or Standing)
Jigo Tai Dachi Defensive Stance
Neko Ashi Dachi Cat Stance
Kiba Dachi or
Zenkutsu Dachi
Forward or Long Stance
MISCELLANEOUS
Shugo Fall In
Le-e Bow
Yoi Prepare
Kama-te Cover
Lenzoku Continuous
Mawat-te Pivot
Seiza Kneel
Mokuso Meditation
Hajime Begin
Ya-me Stop or “Break”
Kihon Foundation
Ki-ai Power Focus
(Diaphragmatic Yell)
Kata Form
Bunkai Analysis
Keiko Practice
Monjin Student
Sensei Teacher
Dan Black Belt Rank
Kyu Color Belt Rank
COUNTING
ichi 1
ni 2
san 3
shi 4
go 5
roku 6
shichi 7
hachi 8
kyu 9
ju 10

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no first attack in karateThe precept above reads, “There is no first attack in karate.” It means that karate is a defensive art. In 1922, Gichin Funakoshi carried this saying with him from Okinawa to Japan to teach karate. As karate made its way across the Pacific Ocean to Topeka, this maxim has been preserved.
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